极速赛车计划彩票群

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玩耍时受伤,谁来买单?

2019-03-20 10:59  来源:中国法院网纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOFAYUANWANG | ZUOZHE:GUOMINNA

JIEJIARIWAICHUYULE,BENSHIJIANKAIXINQIEFANGSONGDEQUSHI。RANER,YOUYUJIEJIARIWAICHUYOUWANRENYUANJIAODUO,ZAIYOULECHANG、JINGQU、DONGWUYUANDENGGONGGONGCHANGSUO,NANMIANCHUXIANYINWEIDISANRENSHIZISHENZAOSHOUJINGJISUNSHIHUOZHERENSHENSHANGHAIDESHIJIAN。ZUOWEIWANQUANMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIREN,YOUKEZISHENDEZERENCHENGDANBILISHIDUOSHAO?CISHI,YOULECHANG、DONGWUYUANDENGGONGGONGCHANGSUODEJINGYINGZHEHUOZHEGUANLIRENSHIFOUZAIHELIXIANDUNEIJINDAOLEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU,SHIFOUYAOCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN?

WAICHUYOUWAN CHENGBEIDISANRENDASHANG

极速赛车计划彩票群2016NIAN“WUYI”QIJIAN,ZHANGNANDAODANGDIDONGWUYUANYOUWAN。DANGRIXIAWU3DIANZUOYOU,ZHANGNANDAODONGWUYUANYOUKEGUANLIZHONGXINBAOAN,CHENGYINWEIZOUDEMANBEIQITAYOUKETUISANGBINGBEIQIDASHANG。JIEDAOBAOANHOU,DONGWUYUANANBAORENYUANXIEZHUZHANGNANZHAODAOQISUOCHENGDEJIAHAIRENZHENGZHENG,DANZHENGZHENGFOURENDALEZHANGNAN。SUIHOU,ANBAORENYUANXIANGDANGDIPAICHUSUOBAOJING。MINJINGDAODAHOU,ANBAORENYUANXIEZHUJIANGZHANGNANSONGDAOLEYIYUANJIESHOUZHILIAO,JINGJIANDING,ZHANGNANGOUCHENGQINGWEISHANG。

GEZHIYICI YAOQIUDONGWUYUANPEICHANG

JINGMINJINGXUNWEN,ZHENGZHENGCHENGQIBINGWEIYUZHANGNANFASHENGSHENTIJIECHU,GENGMEIYOUTUISANGOUDAZHANGNAN。QIHOU,ZHANGNANJIANGDONGWUYUANGAOSHANGFATING,ZHUZHANGDONGWUYUANWEIFANBAOZHANGYOUKEDEANQUANYIWU,CUNZAIYIXIAGUOCUO:YISHIWEIDUIYOUKEJINXINGHELIXIANLIU,DAOZHIYOUKERENSHUGUODUO,ZUIZHONGFASHENGTUISANGSHIJIANDAOZHIQISHOUSHANG;ERSHIZAICHONGTUFASHENGHOU,ANBAORENYUANWEIJISHIZHIZHI,QIESHIFADIDIANMEIYOUANZHUANGJIANKONGSHEBEI,DAOZHIQIWUFAXIANGJIAHAIRENZHENGZHENGZHUZHANGPEICHANG。

DONGWUYUANZERENWEI,JISHIZHANGNANZAIYUANNEISHOUSHANG,YINQISHIBEIANWAIRENZHENGZHENGOUDAZHISHANG,SUOYIYUDONGWUYUANDANGRIYOUKERENLIULIANGMEIYOUZHIJIEGUANXI。SHIJIANFASHENGHOU,ZHANGNANDAOYOUKEGUANLIZHONGXINBAOAN,ANBAORENYUANXIEZHUQIZHAODAOSUOCHENGDEJIAHAIREN,BINGBAOAN、XIEZHUQIDAOYIYUANJIESHOUJIANDINGYUZHILIAO,YIJINGJINDAOLEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU;QIEDONGWUYUANANZHAOXIANGGUANGUIDINGYUXINGYEBIAOZHUNANZHUANGLESHEXIANGTOU,DANSHIYOUYUSHIFADIDIANWEISIJIAOSUOYIWUFAPAIDAOXIANCHANGQINGKUANG,ZHANGNANSHOUSHANGYUSHIFOUANZHUANGSHEXIANGTOUBUCUNZAIZHIJIEGUANXI。GUBUTONGYIXIANGZHANGNANJINXINGPEICHANG。

极速赛车计划彩票群JINDAOANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU GONGGONGCHANGSUOGUANLIRENDANZEBUSHIWUXIAN

FAYUANJINGSHENLIRENWEI,ZHANGNANZHUZHANGQIZAIDONGWUYUANNEIBEIANWAIRENZHENGZHENGOUDAZHISHANG,DANSHIGENJUGONGANJIGUANDEXIANGGUANXUNWENJILUJICHULIJIEGUO,BINGWEIXIANSHIJIAHAIRENWEIZHENGZHENG,SUOYIZHANGNANCHENGQIZAIDONGWUYUANBEIOUDAZHISHANGDESHISHI,GENJUXIANYOUZHENGJUWUFADEDAOQUEREN。JISHIZHANGNANQUESHIZAIDONGWUYUANBEITARENOUDAZHISHANG,BENANSHIYIQIRENSHENSUNHAIPEICHANGDEQINQUANSHIJIAN,ANWAIRENZHENGZHENGRUGUOQUEYOUQINQUANGUYI,YINGYOUQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。DONGWUYUANDEGUANLIREN,YIFAYINGDANGZAIHELIXIANDUNEIDUIYOUKECHENGDANANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU,DANSHIDUIYUYINDISANRENDEQINQUANXINGWEIZAOCHENGDERENSHENSUNHAI,JINYINGZAIQIZUOWEIGONGGONGCHANGSUOGUANLIRENCUNZAIGUOCUODEQINGKUANGXIA,ZAIQINENGGOUFANGZHIHUOZHIZHISUNHAIDEFANWEINEICHENGDANXIANGYINGDEBUCHONGPEICHANGZEREN。JIUBENANERYAN,ZHANGNANXIANGYOUKEZHONGXINQIUZHUHOU,ANBAORENYUANXIEZHUJIANGQIZHIRENDEJIAHAIRENZHAODAO,XIEZHUBAOJING,BINGJIANGQISONGWANGYIYUAN。YOUCIKEZHI,DONGWUYUANBUCUNZAIWEIJINDUIYIFASHENGDEFENGXIANJINXINGJIJIDEJIUZHU、FANGZHISUNSHIKUODADEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWUDEXINGWEI。ZHANGNANZHUZHANGDEYINJIANKONGSHEBEIWEIPAISHEDAOSHIFAGUOCHENG,DAOZHIQIWUFAXIANGZHENGZHENGSUOPEI,FAYUANRENWEISHEXIANGTOUSHIFOUKEYIPAISHEDAOBINGFEIDONGWUYUANANQUANBAOZHANGYIWUDEFANWEI,QIESHIFOUKEYIPAISHEDAOYUZHANGNANZHUZHANGDERENSHENSUOSHOUSHANGHAIBENSHENBINGWUZHIJIEGUANLIANXING。ZUIZHONG,FAYUANRENDINGDONGWUYUANBINGFEIWEINENGJINDAOFANGZHIDISANRENQINQUANDEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU,BOHUILEZHANGNANDESUSONGQINGQIU。

FAGUANSHIFA:

YI、DISANRENQINQUANANJIANZHONG,ZHIJIEQINQUANRENWUFACHAMING,SUSONGZHUTIDEQUEDING

根据我国《侵权责任法》第三十七条、《最高人民法院关于审理人身损害赔偿案件适用法律若干问题的解释》第六条的相关规定,因第三人侵权行为造成他人损害的,安全保障义务人有过错的,应当在其能够防止或制止损害的范围内承担相应的补充赔偿责任。司法实践中,在第三人致害的案件中,受害人仅以公共场所管理人作为被告起诉,事实难以查清,责任承担方式及比例较难确定;原告或以直接加害人无法找到,或以其无责任承担能力,或以其已得到直接加害人赔偿为由,放弃向其主张权利,而直接要求公共场所管理人赔偿。而公共场所管理人往往以其自身无过错,或法律规定为补充赔偿责任,主赔偿责任无法确定,补充赔偿责任无从谈起,或直接以加害人不出庭无法确认受损事实等进行抗辩,导致案件事实较难查清,因果关系及责任承担比例难以确定。笔者认为,在此类案件中,在通过双方的举证或法院调查核实可以确认直接侵权人的情况下,应当依当事人申请或者依职权追加直接侵权人作为共同被告参加诉讼。在直接侵权人确实无法确定的情况下,法院不能以直接侵权人无法确定为由驳回起诉,应当以公共场所管理人作为被告继续案件的审理。

ER、ZAIDISANRENQINQUANANJIANZHONG,GONGGONGCHANGSUOJINGYINGZHE、GUANLIZHEDEQINQUANZERENDEQUEDING

ZAIDISANRENZHIHAIANJIANZHONG,YINGDANGYANGESHIYONGQINQUANXINGWEIDEYINGUOGUANXILILUN,BIMIANGONGGONGCHANGSUOJINGYINGZHEDEPEICHANGZERENBEIWUXIANZHIDIKUODA。《QINQUANZERENFA》MINGQUEGONGGONGCHANGSUOJINGYINGZHEDEPEICHANGZERENWEIBUCHONGPEICHANGZEREN,《ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANGUANYUSHENLIRENSHENSUNHAIPEICHANGANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEJIESHI》YEDUIANBAOYIWUFANWEIZUOCHUXIANDING。SUOYI,JINGYINGZHESUOFUZUOWEIYIWUDEJUTINEIRONG,YINGXIANYUYUQIGUANLIBUDANGJUYOUYINGUOGUANXIDEQINGXINGZHONG,QIEYINGDANGXIANDINGZAIQILISUONENGJIDEFANWEINEI。ZAIQISHISHILESHANGSHUCUOSHIHOU,JIYINGDANGRENDINGJINDAOLEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU。YIBENANWEILI,JISHIZHANGNANQUESHIZAIDONGWUYUANBEITARENOUDAZHISHANGDAOZHIRENSHENSUNHAI,YESHIYIQIRENSHENSUNHAIPEICHANGDEQINQUANSHIJIAN,ANWAIRENZHENGZHENGRUGUOQUESHICUNZAIQINQUANGUYI,YINGDANGYOUQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。DONGWUYUANGUANLIRENSUIRANSHISHIFADIDIANDEGUANLIZHEYIFAYINGDANGZAIHELIXIANDUFANWEINEICHENGDANDUIZHANGNANDENGYOUKEDEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU,DANSHIDUIYUYINDISANRENDEQINQUANXINGWEIZAOCHENGDERENSHENSUNHAI,JINJINYINGDANGZAIQIZUOWEIGONGGONGCHANGSUOGUANLIRENCUNZAIGUOCUODEQINGKUANGXIA,ZAIQINENGGOUFANGZHIHUOZHIZHISUNHAIDEFANWEINEICHENGDANXIANGYINGBUCHONGPEICHANGZEREN。JIZUOWEIGONGGONGCHANGSUOGUANLIREN,PANDUANDONGWUYUANSHIFOUYINGDANGCHENGDANANQUANBAOZHANGYIWUQINQUANZEREN,GUANJIANZAIYUGAIGUANLIRENSHIFOUJUYOUGUOCUO,ZHANGNANSUOSHOUDESUNHAISHIFOUSHUYUGAIGUANLIRENNENGGOUZHIZHIHUOZHEFANGZHIDESUNHAIFANWEI。

极速赛车计划彩票群SAN、GONGGONGCHANGSUODEFANWEIBAKONGJIBUTONGCHANGSUOANBAOYIWUDECHENGDUQUFEN

审判实践中,应参考相关法律、行政法规的规定,以及普通公民在日常生活中的普遍认知,结合常识确定是否为公共区域。对于不同区域的安保义务程度,应当结合公共场所的性质、特点及条件予以确认,从是否为经营性活动、是否为无偿社会活动或营利性活动、经营管理者是否具有专业知识、公共场所的开放程度高低等各个方面,综合判断公共场所管理者的安全保障义务范围与保障程度,从而合理确定赔偿责任的承担比例。就本案来说,动物园确定属于公共场所,就该场所的安全保障义务的程度,应当综合考虑事发时的现场情况,并根据动物园经营特点、管理者应当具备的专业知识,确定经营者就张楠事件的安全保障义务的范围。

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