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劳动合同中竞业限制范围的司法判定

2019-03-05 11:51  来源:重庆法院网纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

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【ANQING】

YUANGAO:TANGMOU。

BEIGAO:AJIANZHUSHEJIZIXUN(BEIJING)YOUXIANGONGSICHENGDOUFENGONGSI(YIXIAJIANCHENGAGONGSI)

唐某原系A公司华南区的业务经理,双方劳动合同极速赛车计划彩票群期限为2012年6月1日至2018年5月31日。

极速赛车计划彩票群2013NIAN8YUE,AGONGSI(JIAFANG)YUTANGMOU(YIFANG)QIANDING《JINGYEXIANZHIBEIWANGLU》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《BEIWANGLU》),YUEDING:“YIFANGTONGYI,ZIYUJIAFANGZHONGZHIBENLAODONGHETONGZHIRIQIDE12GEYUENEI(YIXIAJIANCHENG‘JINGYEXIANZHIQI’),ZAIWEIQUDEJIAFANGSHIXIANTONGYIDEQIANTIXIA,YIFANGJIANGBUHUIZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDIYIGUYUAN、DAILI、GUWEN、JINGXIAOSHANGHUOQITASHENFEN,WEIYIXIAZHUTIGONGZUO:(1)JIAFANGDETONGYEJINGZHENGCGONGSIHUO(2)QITARENHEZAIZHONGGUODALUDIQUNEIZAIYUJIAFANGYOUTONGYEJINGZHENGGUANXIDECONGSHIJIANZHUSHEJIDEGONGSI、QIYE、HEHUO、FARENHUOFEIFARENTUANTIYIJIQITARENHEZHUTI……RUGUOYIFANGWEIFANJINGYEXIANZHITIAOKUANDEYIWU,JIAFANGYOUQUANZHONGZHISHANGSHUJINGJIBUCHANGDEZHIFU,YIFANGYINGDANGLIJITINGZHIWEIYUEXINGWEIBINGXIANGJIAFANGZHIFUXIANGDANGYUYIFANGZAIBENLAODONGHETONGJIECHUHUOZHONGZHIQIANDENIANSHOURUDESANBEIDEWEIYUEJIN……”

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9月,A公司委托律师事务所向唐某邮寄了《律师函》,认为唐某违反竞业限制约定,要求其按约接受竞业限制补偿金,提供可供收款项的银行账户;严格履行竞业限制义务,严禁向任何与A 公司存在同业竞争关系的主体透漏商业信息;立即停止违约行为,并在收到函件后2日内,立即向B公司提出书面辞职;在收到函件后7日内向A公司支付违约金。

10YUE,AGONGSIYUTANGMOUYINJINGYEXIANZHIFASHENGZHENGYISHENQINGLAODONGZHONGCAI,ZHONGCAIJIEGUOSHITANGMOUZAICAIJUESHUSHENGXIAOHOU5RINEIXIANGAGONGSIYICIXINGZHIFUWEIYUEJIN1279209YUAN,BINGANSHUANGFANGYUEDINGJIXULVXINGJINGYEXIANZHIYIWU。TANGMOUBUFUGAICAIJUENAIQISUDAOFAYUAN。

LINGCHAMING,BGONGSIYU2000NIAN4YUE20RICHENGLI,XIWAIGUOFARENDUZIJINGYINGDEYOUXIANZERENGONGSI,GONGSHANGDENGJIDEJINGYINGFANWEIWEI:SHANGYEHUANJINGCEHUAYUZIXUN,TOUZIZIXUNJIZHONGJIE,JIANZHUFANGANZIXUN(JIANZHUSHEJICHUWAI),DIANNAOTUWENSHEJI(GUANGGAOCHUWAI)AGONGSIGONGSHANGDENGJIDEJINGYINGFANWEIWEI:JIANZHUSHEJI,GUIHUASHEJI、SHINEISHEJIHEHUANJINGJINGGUANSHEJIDEZIXUN。

【FENQI】

用人单位和劳动者签订竞业限制协议是意思自治的体现,而伴生的竞业限制义务是诚实信用原则及其衍生的劳动者对用人单位忠实义务的体现,属于约定义务。本案中,原、被告签订的《备忘录》系双方真实意思表示,不违反法律法规限制性规定,应属合法有效。本案争议的焦点就是,劳动者是否违反了竞业限制条款的规定,并承担违约责任。

DIYIZHONGYIJIANRENWEI,《BEIWANGLU》ZHONGDUIJINGYEXIANZHIZHUTIDEGUIDING,DUIYUJIANZHUSHEJIDELIJIEYINGDANGSHIYIGEGUANGYIDELIJIE,BAOHANJIANZHUSHEJIZIXUNHEJIANZHUSHEJIFANGANDENG,A.B GONGSIDEJINGYINGFANWEIGAODUZHONGDIEZAIJIANZHUYE,ERZHECUNZAIZHONGDAJINGZHENGGUANXI。

极速赛车计划彩票群DIERZHONGYIJIANRENWEI,CONGYINGYEZHIZHAOKAN,A.BGONGSIDEJINGYINGFANWEIBINGWUZHONGHE,JINGYEXIANZHIYIWUDELVXINGYINGDANGYANGEANZHAOJINGYEXIANZHIXIEYIYUEDINGDEFANWEIQUEDING,BGONGSIDEJINGYINGFANWEIZHONGMINGQUEZAIMING“JIANZHUSHEJICHUWAI”,BGONGSIYUAGONGSIBUCUNZAITONGYEJINGZHENGGUANXI,QIBUCONGSHIJIANZHUSHEJIJINGYINGYEWU,FEI《BEIWANGLU》YUEDINGDEXIANZHIZHUTIFANCHOU,GUTANGMOUBUYINGDANGXIANGAGONGSIZHIFUWEIFANJINGYEXIANZHIDEWEIYUEJIN。

【PINGXI】

极速赛车计划彩票群BIZHETONGYIDIERZHONGYIJIAN。LIYOURUXIA:

极速赛车计划彩票群YI、JINGYEXIANZHIJUYOUYANGEDESHIYONGQIANTI

《劳动合同法》第二十三条对竞业限制的定义是,“用人单位与劳动者可以在劳动合同中约定保守用人单位的商业秘密和知识产权相关的保密事项。对负有保密义务的劳动者,用人单位可以在劳动合同或者保密协议中与劳动者约定竞业限制条款,并约定在解除或者终止劳动合同后,在竞业限制期限内按月给予劳动者经济补偿。劳动者违反竞业限制约定的,应当按照约定向用人单位支付违约金。” 竞业限制制度设计的目的是防止离职员工实际利用原用人单位商业秘密或有运用的潜在可能而不正当地侵害原用人单位的竞争优势。但需要强调的是,竞业限制条款一定程度上限制了劳动者的自由择业权,因此要防止作扩大理解,因为这直接关系到劳动者劳动权的实现问题以及可能涉嫌不正当竞争,故用人单位有可保护的商业秘密是关键,竞业限制的专业领域及地理范围等应与劳动者接触或可能接触的商业秘密相适应。根据《劳动合同法》相关规定,竞业限制有严格的适用主体、义务期间以及需支付一定对价。因本案原被告双方就上述事项无争议,故本文不作深究。

ER、DUITONGYEJINGZHENGGUANXIDELIJIE

BENANZHONG,BGONGSIYUAGONGSIZHIJIANSHIFOUCUNZAITONGYEJINGZHENGGUANXI,CHENGWEIPANDINGTANGMOUSHIFOUGOUCHENGWEIYUEDEHEXIN。

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同类业务一般指公司章程载明的经营范围内的业务,而实践中该业务是否在执行则不作深究,可以是同种或者类似的商品或服务。但实践中存在超越经营范围从事业务的情况,《最高人民法院关于适用若干问题的解释(一)》第十条规定,“当事人超越经营范围订立合同,人民法院不因此认定合同无效。但违反国家限制经营、特许经营以及法律、行政法规禁止经营规定的除外”。可以看出,法律不绝对否认法人超越经营范围订立合同的效力。因此,判定是否构成同业竞争,不应局限于文字表述,应对经营内容进行实质审查。

极速赛车计划彩票群SAN。TONGGUOYINGYEZHIZHAOHESHIJIJINGYINGFANWEIJINXINGJUTIKAOCHA

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